Marzec-Grządziel A., Gałązka A. (2023): Sequencing of the Whole Genome of a Bacterium of the Genus Achromobacter Reveals Its Potential for Xenobiotics Biodegradation. Agriculture, 13(8), 1519 https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture13081519 (140 pkt. MEiN; IF 3.6)
The isolation of new bacterial strains from the natural environment can lead to the detection of microorganisms of potential practical importance. The characterization of such microorganisms can be carried out using classical microbiological and molecular biology methods. Currently, studies of newly detected microorganisms are based on sequencing techniques. Sequencing of the full genome can provide information about the origin of the strain, its taxonomic status, and phenotypic characteristics. The studies were conducted using the bacteria Achromobacter sp. 77Bb1 isolated from the maize crop rhizosphere. The bacterial genome was sequenced using Illumina 2 × 150 nt technology. The obtained sequences were analyzed using bioinformatics methods, resulting in 57 contigs and genome containing 6,651,432 nt. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences enabled the assignment of the analyzed bacteria to the genus Achromobacter. The obtained genome contained genes for 4855 proteins with functional assignment. Some of these genes were connected with xenobiotics biodegradation and metabolisms. All genes for aminobenzoate degradation and almost all for benzoate and styrene degradation were found in the analyzed genome, suggesting that the isolated strain has the potential to be used in natural bioremediation methods.